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Visual difficulties in babies can be detected from the first moment they are born, although it is more frequent that, if they are not serious problems, they go unnoticed until the first visual examination is carried out, generally around 6 months.
From that age it is convenient to carry out visual reviews based on the information that the specialist transfers to us during the first review.
In this review, the information obtained is not detailed information, that is, the specialists do not need to know if there is a very precise graduation or if there is a very exact operation, simply it's about ruling out if there's a problem That may cause difficulties, either because the baby has a lazy eye, myopia or strabismus.
It is a very general review to see that the entire visual system is developing in an adequate way and it is not necessary for the baby to speak to perform these visual tests. There are different methods or tests, which provide information to experts without the need for the child's collaboration.
For example. In babies from 6 months of age it is common to use a visual test that consists of showing the child blades with black and white stripes of different thickness (from blades with thicker stripes to blades with very fine stripes). And is that, during the first months of life babies only distinguish between black and white. In this way, the contrasts will attract a lot of attention.
If there is no visual problem, the baby will direct his gaze to the one that catches his attention (the thick stripes), we will reduce the size of the sheets and we will be able to know how much vision that child can achieve.
In addition, there are other types of tests that are also subjective, that is, the baby's collaboration is not necessary. In them, the reflex that your eye produces is evaluated and in this way it is ruled out that there is a myopia, a hyperopia or any graduation problem.
In collaboration with:
Teresa Molina Martin
Optician and optometrist
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