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After intense or prolonged exposure to the sun, what is called 'heatstroke' can occur. It is characterized by nausea, vomiting, weakness, headache, increased body temperature, and even alteration of muscle fibers.
Heatstroke happens because the body is not able to maintain a low body temperature, since in conditions of high heat and humidity body sweating is slower and makes it difficult to lose heat.
In the most serious cases such as 'heat stroke', analytical alterations, impaired level of consciousness, muscle cramps or even seizures can occur.
What should we do if we suspect heat stroke? We must place the person in a shady place and administer cool drinks.
Some medicines can increase the risk of heat stroke (these are generally medicines used in adults). You can ask your pediatrician if you have questions about whether the medicine you give your child may increase this risk.
1. Wearing loose clothing, with soft and fine materials and light colors.
2. Protecting yourself from the sun with hats or umbrellas.
3. Using sunscreen with a protection factor greater than 30.
4. Drinking plenty of fluids before starting any outdoor activity, and drinking extra water throughout the day.
5. Scheduling outdoor activities at low temperatures (before 10 in the morning or after 6 in the afternoon).
6. During an outdoor activity it is advisable to take short breaks and drink liquids every 15 to 20 minutes, even if you are not thirsty.
You can read more articles similar to How to prevent heat stroke in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.