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Pinworm is a very common parasitic infection in children. Among the symptoms, the child will have poor appetite, will be irritable, and will present problems during sleep and discomfort due to anal, nasal itching, etc.
It is usually accompanied by itching in the genital area causing irritation and inflammation secondary to scratching. In girls it can cause vulvovaginitis.
This infection is caused by the parasite called Enterobius Vermicularis or Oxiurius. Immature worms are located in the small intestine, while adults are located in the large intestine.
Gravid females are those that migrate outward and lay their eggs on the margins of the anus and its vicinity. The form of contagion is through the larvated eggs by ingestion or inhalation thereof. They are spread in the different environments of the home, especially in bedrooms and bathrooms, they contaminate objects, food, water and swimming pools.
It will be applied after the diagnosis based on the investigation of the parasite in feces. Sample collection is recommended in the morning when the patient has just got up and before washing.
Treatment consists of the use of antiparasitic medication such as Pyrantel Pamoate, which is the first line drug, or Mebendazole. It is done once a week and should be repeated after two weeks. Treatment of this condition should also include those who live with the child.
You can read more articles similar to Oxiuriasis in children and babies, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.