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It is very important to prepare children before doing a blood test. The previous preparation of the child avoids the anxiety generated before the needles, the hospitals and the toilets with white coats and makes even the pain less.
The pain caused by the puncture is not very great, but the sensation of being held tightly, or the fear of the unknown can be very traumatic. In fact, children who have to do routine tests for certain diseases tolerate the moment of the puncture much better, because they already know what it is.
If the child is nervous vessels in the skin are vasoconstricted (they decrease its caliber) and it is much more difficult for the nurses to channel the line and extract the analysis. Therefore, parents must explain in detail (in as much detail as they can) what going to the hospital or health center will be like, how they will hold the arm, and how it will hurt a little, but very little. But here are more tips:
- It is recommended that parents be present at the time of the analysis, but it is not always possible, so the most important thing is that everyone is calm. Parental anxiety is always transmitted to children.
- If the child has been dizzy on other occasions when performing an analysis or is usually dizzy easily when seeing blood or getting wounds, it is convenient that they tell the health personnel so that the analysis is carried out in decubitus (lying down) and thus passes a few minutes after puncture.
- It is also very important that parents do not use the 'visit to the doctor' or the 'prick' as a punishment or threat (if you don't eat everything they will have to prick you).
The puncture of the vein is performed with a very fine needle. It is usually done in the veins of the elbow flexure, although on some occasions if it is very difficult it can be obtained from veins in the feet or even in the frontal region (this usually scares parents a lot, but it is not more risky or painful ).
A rubber pad may be placed on the arm to make the veins fill with blood and make the procedure easier. After locating the appropriate point, the skin is cleaned with alcohol and the puncture is performed, warning the child beforehand to be prepared. In some cases, they recommend that they blow or look elsewhere to distract them just at the time of the puncture, but some children prefer to watch the tubes fill (because it catches their attention and at that moment it does not hurt anymore).
However, in special patients, with difficulty locating or puncturing these veins, the blood sample can be obtained from other veins, such as those on the back of the hand or feet, or from the veins of the neck (jugular) or groin. (femoral). In the case of newborns, the veins of the scalp can sometimes be used, which although it scares the parents a lot it is not more painful or dangerous for the baby.
After the analysis or procedure, as long as the child has been calm, it is very good to go to breakfast with the child or buy a small detail or do something special for him. Let him feel that he has a reward for being good. We must also tell him in words that he is very old, that he is a champion and that we are very proud of him. This will make you feel recognized and that we appreciate your effort not to cry.
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