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Everyone knows the importance of emotional education in the lives of our sons and daughters. Thanks to it, they are able to manage their emotions, know how they feel at all times since they know how to differentiate one emotion from another, empathize with another person because they perfectly understand how it feels, etc. To help you work on emotions with childrenHere are some ideas and games classified according to the age of the little ones.
Boys and girls they are not born with emotional education acquired, but it is the duty of adults to educate them emotionally as we educate them in other aspects of life. Emotional education is neither easier nor more difficult than any other education, it must be carried out from childhood and, in my opinion, it should never end. Even in adulthood, you continue to learn to manage some emotions.
In the Early Childhood Education stage, that is, from 0 to 6 years of age, the importance of educating on emotions is widespread, since it favors the development, growth and evolution of boys and girls. As children, they need help with everything, also to understand why sometimes they are sad and sometimes happy, for example.
The figure of the adult is always present during this process to show support at all times to the minor, from the educational and family sphere. The ideal thing, as in any process that involves both parties, is that both parties work it in a similar way, following the same guidelines and guidelines so that the child's learning is complete and satisfactory.
How should we work on emotions with children from 0 to 3 years old? At these ages the game predominates as a vehicle for any type of learning and through it we will develop the capacities of identification, differentiation and recognition of emotions.
Within the range 0-3 years, language development is not fully developed, but children are aware and they understand everything we want to express to them. I show you some simple recommendations that you can put into practice with them:
1. While we are dressing them, for example, we can tell them about how we feel and because: 'Today I am happy because the sun has risen'. We can do it at any time of the day and as many times as we want.
2. Sing songs that talk about different emotions interpreting it with gestures made with our faceThey will surely start to imitate us and it will be a lot of fun
3. Tell them a story or book related to emotions. A good book known to all is 'The Monster of Colors', which explains in a very representative and visual way each of the emotions. This book is also suitable for working in the 3-6 year range and its fruits will be greater.
4. And as a more elaborate activity, faces can be made with cardboard, eva rubber, etc., glued to a stick, straw, rod, in short, something that holds them and show them to the boy or girl saying the name of each one. Depending on the motor and cognitive development of each child, they will be able to follow our instructions: 'Take the sad face'.
Let's see what happens in the little ones of the following age range, between 3 and 6 years. At this stage, children have already fully internalized various emotions and can convey to us how they feel. Therefore, these are some of the ideas that we can carry out to continue the emotional work with them.
5. It is essential that we show interest in their state of mind, with questions such as: 'How did you go at school today?'
6. It is important that we help them manage all their emotions. For this reason, we must influence them to know how to overcome both negative emotions (sadness, crying, frustration ...) and positive emotions (joy, euphoria, surprise ...).
7. To work emotional education in a more playful way we can do a domino but of emotions. To do this, instead of points grouped by number, we will put faces with different emotions on each of the dominoes. You can also, for example, make a kite of emotions.
If within these ages that we have contemplated (from 0 to 6 years old) a good job of emotional education is done, during the following years the process will be easier.
At this stage, many changes occur within children (social, physical, academic, etc.) and we as adults must provide them with all the tools and support so that emotionally know how to manage in the best possible way all these changes.
8. At this age they already have knowledge of their self, and a very interesting activity is that think about how you see yourselfBoth physically and internally, in this way we can converse with them about the emotions they feel.
9. They are crucial ages in which it is essential to maintain their self-esteem and self-confidence, reinforcing those negative emotions that appear at this time, such as jealousy, envy, anxiety, among others. At these ages they are subjected to a lot of pressure from society and on many occasions these emotions will appear and they will have to manage them as best as possible so as not to fall into greater evils. Therefore, we must invite them to reflect on them by having relaxed conversations about how they feel at different times of the day.
All this controlled by the adults around him, both in the family and at school, being alert to any strange situation. We must show ourselves as a figure who will always be there, with whom we can talk about everything and in confidence, but it is also essential that we talk with children and let us tell you how we feelNegative emotions as well, so that they observe that not only they suffer from them, and thus we can come to empathize with each other.
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