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First of all, it is important to clarify what is meant by child abuse. Ultimately, it would be any action (whether physical, emotional or sexual) or omission, that the parents or caregivers, intentionally, exert on the child and they cause him physical and / or psychological damage.
There are several types of abuse:
- Physical and / or emotional neglect in the care of minors
Depriving them of food, optimal hygienic-sanitary conditions, necessary medical treatments, children not attending school or with a high rate of school absenteeism, allowing them to consume alcohol or drugs, indifference towards their moods, being ignored, etc.
- Physical abuse
Administering harmful substances, tying them, locking them up, hitting them, burning them, applying severe punishments, etc.
- Emotional abuse
Verbal abuse, children treated inappropriately, threatened, manipulated, etc.
- Sexual abuse
Touching the child and forcing him to perform sexual touching, film the child during sexual acts, etc.
We can find different physical, behavioral, emotional or sexual indicators in the child, which can help us identify a situation of child abuse. However, these signs of suspicion should be assessed globally and a direct relationship between a single symptom and child abuse should not be established.
There are several types of indicators:
- Physical indicators
Body pain, bumps, bruises of varying evolution, burns or wounds in any area of the body, difficulties in walking or sitting, human bites, cuts or punctures, nose fractures, etc.
- Behavioral indicators
Loss of appetite, sleep disorders, hyperactivity, behavior regression, tendency to secrecy, aggressiveness, school problems, crying, resistance to undressing or bathing, social isolation, enuresis or encopresis, etc.
- Emotional indicators
Sadness, irritability, fear, hatred, feelings of guilt, helplessness, shame, frustration, etc.
- Indicators in the sexual sphere
Precocious behaviors or inappropriate sexual knowledge for their age, rejection of caresses, kisses and physical contact, etc.
It is convenient to know that although it is not usual, there may be asymptomatic children, that is, children who apparently do not show obvious signs of abuse and who are being subjected to a situation of abuse.
You can read more articles similar to Child abuse. How to know that the child is being abused, in the category of on-site abuse.